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Psychology: Schools of Thought / Blanchard   Tags: blanchard, psychology, schools of thought  

Use this Libguide for Mr. Blanchard's School of Thought brochure project.
Last Updated: Feb 27, 2014 URL: http://hslibguides.islipufsd.org/content.php?pid=516959 Print Guide RSS Updates
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How to Create a Brochure

Start Menu - Publisher - 'Suggested Searches:' Brochure

Be sure to choose a 3-fold brochure NOT 4-fold (requires 11 X 17 paper). This will make it easier for you to print on standard 8 1/2 X 11 printer paper.

You can also find a few brochure templates in Word. Again, choose a 3-fold template.

 

Virtual Reference Collection

World Book Online is a great encyclopedia to get you started. Choose 'student' version.

Username and passwords can be found on page 4 of the student planner.

 

Gale eBooks

At school these books will automatically open. However, when accessing these items at home you'll need our Gale password which can be found on page four of your student planner.

 

Psychology History and Schools of Thought

While people have always been fascinated by human behavior, it wasn't until the late 19th century that psychology began to be considered an actual science. Wilhelm Wundt established the first psychology lab in Germany. He believed in a school of thought called structuralism-believing that certain structures in the mind caused behavior. Over the course of psychology's history, different schools of thought have competed for prominence. Here are the major schools of thought in psychology:

Structuralism. The belief that there is a connection between sensation and emotion and behavior.

Functionalism. The idea that the human brain is much like a computer, designed to carry out specific functions.

Psychoanalysis. Created by Sigmund Freud, this school of thought believes in the rigorous probing of an individual's personal problems, motives, goals and attitudes as a way to heal the mind.

Behaviorism. Proponents of this theory essentially hold that all human behavior is learned from one's surrounding context and environment.

Humanism. This much more recent school of thought came as a reaction to behaviorism and Psychoanalysis, and emphasizes the importance of values, intentions, and meaning in the individual. The concept of the "self" is a central focus for most humanistic psychologists.

Cognitivism. This branch of psychology believes that psychology should be concerned with a person's internal representations of the world and with the internal or functional organization of the mind.

As psychology moved away from its philosophical roots, psychologists began to employ more and more scientific methods to study human behavior. Today, researchers employ a variety of scientific methods, including experiments, correlational studies, longitudinal studies, and others to test, explain, and predict behavior.

 

Areas of Psychology

Students of psychology soon realize that the subject covers a huge range of material. The diverse topics students might study include social behavior, personality, research methods, therapeutic techniques, and much more. Because it's such a broad and diverse field, a number of different subfields and specialty areas have emerged. The following are some of the major areas of research and application within psychology:

Abnormal Psychology is the study of abnormal behavior. This specialty area is focused on research and treatment of a variety of mental disorders and is linked to psychotherapy and clinical psychology.

Biological Psychology studies how biological processes influence the mind and behavior. This area is closely linked to neuroscience and utilizes tools such as MRI and PET scans to look at brain injury or brain abnormalities.

Clinical Psychology is focused on the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental disorders.

Cognitive Psychology is the study of human thought processes and cognitions. Cognitive psychologists study topics such as attention, memory, perception, decision-making, problem solving, and language acquisition.

Comparative Psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the study of animal behavior.

Developmental Psychology is the branch of psychology that looks at human growth and development over the lifespan.

Forensic Psychology is an applied field focused on using psychological research and principles in the legal and criminal justice system.

Industrial-Organizational Psychology is the area of psychology that uses psychological research to enhance work performance, select employee, improve product design, and enhance usability.

Personality Psychology looks at the various elements that make up individual personalities.

School Psychology is the branch of psychology that works within the educational system to help children with emotional, social, and academic issues.

Social Psychology is a discipline that uses scientific methods to study social influence, social perception, and social interaction. Social psychology studies diverse subjects including group behavior, social perception, leadership, nonverbal behavior, conformity, aggression, and prejudice.

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